Trigeminal Neuralgia Fact Sheet



Trigeminal Neuralgia

Historically called tic douloureux – occurs in the distribution of one or more of the three branches of the trigeminal or 5th cranial nerve.  This disorder may be characterized as follows:





Attribution: The US National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is generally considered to be a preeminent authority on disorders such as Trigeminal Neuralgia.The fact sheet now incorporates and explains

    - The existence and differing character of Typical and Atypical TN

    -  Significantly higher than previously reported rates of incidence of TN in the general population

    - Comorbidity of the two variants of TN in many patients

    - Existence of bilateral TN in some patients

    - Use of tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) medications for atypical TN

    - Efficacy of Opioid medications in some patients, particularly in Atypical TN


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